Neora Valley National Park is located in the subdivision of Kalimpong, district Darjeeling, India. Neora Valley National Park may be a compact patch of evergreen virgin forest, made in biodiversity settled in the eastern range of Himalayas, a world 'biodiversity hotspot'. It had been notified as a national park based on the provisions of the wild-life (Protection) Act 1972 within the year 1992. The 159.89 km² dense forest spans meets Pangolakha life Sanctuary in Sikkim and also the Toorsa Strict Reserve of Bhutan. The other side of forest joins Gorumara National Park and Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary in Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal State.
Neora Valley National Park is a proposed list of UNSECO world heritage site. The forest is the integral part of Kanchenjunga landscape. The beautiful view of Kanchenjunga range forms the skyline of this forest and adored by worldwide tourists. Neora Valley National Park has a starting altitude of 300 feet, and highest point is 10600 feet at a place near Sikkim border named Rachela Danda. This place is among the few places of Darjeeling district which receives snowfall in winter. Neora Valley National Park forms the catchment of Neora River, which supplies drinking water to Kalimpong, sub-division of Darjeeling district.
Neora Valley altitude makes it one of the richest biodiversity park of the world. Neora valley, one in every of the endure tracts of abstinent wilderness aural the country, sustains an atypical arrangement wherever tropical, sub-tropical, sub-temperate, and temperate vegetative system still harbours an abundance of flora and fauna. The forests consists of alloyed breed like bush, bamboo, oak, ferns, sal, alpine, etc. The valley additionally has assorted breed of orchids. The vegetation includes Dry Mixed Forest, Wet Mixed Forest, Lauraceous Forest, Bak-Oak Forest, high level oak Forest, coniferous Forest, Himalayas wet Temperate Forest and bush Forest. Its home to many endemic orchids.
The forest in Neora valley has such luxurious growth that even daylight finds it tough to the touch the bottom. Large area of the park is still inaccessible due to its difficult terrain, making it an adventurous place for the nature lovers and trekkers who can take the challenge to explore the still-unknown forest in the Kalimpong hills. Virgin natural forests, dense bamboo groves, canopy of Colourful Rhododendron trees, lush green valley, meandering rivers and streams with snow-capped mountains of Himalayan range in the backdrop form a picturesque landscape. Due to inaccessibility and difficult terrain, biotic pressures don't seem to be terribly acute and so there are intact and well preserved forest patches.
The most important species, particularly for the Neora valley is that the red panda that is generally a non-woody mammal, specialised bamboo feeder occurring between 1800m to 4800m elevation. They’re usually found in temperate climate, in deciduous and cone-bearing forests, sometimes with an understorey of bamboo. They are therefore indicators of the health of those forests. The fauna consists of species like the clouded leopard, red panda, and musk deer. Alternative species are leopard, 5 species of civet, black bear, sloth bear, golden cat, wild boar, leopard cat, goral, serow, barking deer, sambar, Himalayan flying squirrel and thar. Lava and therefore the Neora valley national park are birders' paradise; a number of India's most sought-after birds are found here. The semi-evergreen forests between 1600 m and 2700 m is that the home of many rarities like rufous-throated partridge, satyr pheasant, crimson-breasted woodpecker, Darjeeling woodpecker, bay woodpecker, golden-throated piciform bird, Hodgson's hawk cuckoo, lesser cuckoo, brown wood bird of prey, achromatic Columba palumbus, mountain imperial Colum biform bird, Jerdon's baza, black eagle, mountain hawk eagle etc.
Neora Valley now a days a great tourist spot due to its charming natural beauty, biodiversity, flora and funna. The forest has two gateways, one is at Lava and another is at Samsing. One can either trek from Lava to Samsing or may opt for a Jeep Safari. There are mainly three places where you can spend in Neora Valley Forest are Rishop or Rishyap, Lava, Samsing and Kolakham Village. Those three places have abundant Homestay, Hotel, Resort and Guest House with dining facility.
A Silent Village hamlet (about 6000 ft height) set eleven km from lava (7200 ft altitude) below the Neora valley park, district Darjeeling. Kolakham is ideally set with valley view of Neora valley, Rishop and Renok-Aritar of sikkim. Interested individuals will trek to Sikkim/many places routed through Kolakham. A bumpy travel through bolder and gravel road from Lava takes one to Kolakham village
Changay Falls is closely set to Kolakham. A view Falls from four hundred feet height. The scenic read of Kanchanjanga range & Nathula is seen each from Kolakham & Changey Falls.
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The most Major town of Neora Valley. Lava could is small hamlet located thirty four kilometres east of the city of Kalimpong via Algarah in Darjeeling district of the state of province, India. Lava is located at an altitude of 7,016 feet. Many little guest houses and lodges has been built including log homes or small huts designed in the inside of the forest that a tourist will rent to expertise the life and an illustrious spot to look at the sunrise. The way to lava is scenic with the change in vegetation can be distinctly seen from tropical deciduous to the wet alpine trees of fir, pine and birch. The abundant forests are a preferred spot for picnicking, trekking and bird-watching for tourists.Lava Gallery
Rishop or Rishyap
9 kilometre jeep able road or solely three kilometre simple pleasure trek from lava leads you to a good looking little hamlet Rishyap/Risop, nestles amidst the hidden hills of Neora valley. The three hundred degree visible mountain ranges you'll be able to notice from Rishyap/Risop are (left to right) Mt.Kharg, Kokthang, Rathung, Kabroo (North, South, Dome and Fourth), Talung, Pandim, Khang-Chen-D-Zongha, Simvo, Narsingh, Siniolchu peaks.
The entire village isn't lined by motor able road. To see the total village, you have got to walk down the mountains with majestic Kanchenjungha standing ahead.
At Rishyap/Risop the night sky is bright and clear. It should appear that the stars have come back nearer. Far below, one will view the lights twinkling within the near cities and villages.
Situated at an elevation of 3000ft, Samsing may be a nice cool shady place, ideal for nature lovers. The journey to Samsing may be an unforgettable one, as you slowly ride uphill through the foremost picturesque Dooars on the rolling hill slopes.
The previous couple of kilometres drive could be a feast for the eyes as you pass through a number of the foremost picturesque tea gardens of Dooars together with the Chalsa garden, Zurantee garden and Samsing garden. The road is comparatively slender however there are few vehicles travel through this route because the road ends at Samsing.
Several trek routes originate from Suntale Khola (2 KM ahead of Samsing). The Neora valley national park is adjacent to the current place and most treks are organized within the close space of the park. Trekkers will take a steep ride to `Tree fern Point` and `Mo` or `Mo Chaki` for an excellent view of the chain of mountains in one facet and also the plains of Dooars within the different. The hills of Bhutan and `Jelepla`, the pass connecting Sitsang with india, will be seen from here. The foremost fascinating and thrilling trek ends up in the untouched wild of Neora valley national park. Special permission of the forest department is needed so as to organise this trek.
Suggested itinerary for Neora Valley (4 nights 5 days ex New Mal Junction)
Day-2:- New Mal Junction to Kolakham by car / jeep at10:00 AM and drive to Kolakham, Night halt at Kolakham.
Day-3:- Kolakham to Lava by car / jeep at 11:00 AM. Explore Lava and night stay at Lava.
Day-4:- Lava to Rishop by car at 10:00 AM. Explore and night stay at Rishop.
Day-5:- Rishop to New Mal Jn by car at 12:00 PM after lunch. Reach New Mal Junction by 5:00 PM.