Dooars or Tarai is located in the states of West Bengal, Assam of India and Bhutan. Some parts of Dooars also lies in the floodplains of Bangladesh too. Commonly Dooars is divided into eastern and western, the eastern Dooars lies in Assam and western Dooars in West Bengal. The name Dooars has derived from the term “Duar” which means gate or door. There are 18 passages in Dooars which connects the upper hills of east Himalayas (Bhutan, Assam, West Bengal, Nepal and China) with the plain land.
The political formation of Dooars in India consists of plains of Darjeeling district, whole Jalpaiguri and Alipurduar district and upper parts of Coochbehar district of West Bengal and the districts of Dhubri, Kokrajhar, Barpeta, Goalpara and Bongaigaon partly in the state of Assam. Along the Dooars many rivers and streams flow which forms the floodplain and catchment area in the foothill of eastern Himalayas. Some of the known rivers are Teesta, Torsa, Rangpo, Jaldhaka, Murti and Sankosh in West Bengal and Bhramaputra and Manas in Assam. There are identified 29 rivers which flows only in Jalpaiguri district making it the most beautiful district in the state of West Bengal.
The beauty of the region lies not solely in its tea gardens however also in the dense jungles and vast mammoth grasslands that form up the rural area. Several wildlife sanctuaries and park like Manas National Park in Assam, Jaldapara National Park, Buxa National Park, Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary and also the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary in West Bengal are placed in this region. A number of rare species of animals like tiger, rhino and elephant create their surroundings within the forests of the Dooars. Other animals includes differing kinds of deer, bison, birds and reptiles.
The economy of Dooars is predicated on 3 "T"s – Tea, tourism and Timber. The most business of the Dooars region is that the tea business. Thousands of individuals are engaged within the tea estates and factories. Many individuals are engaged within the cultivation of bettlenuts that also contributes to the economy. Cultivation of different crops is done principally for native consumption. The area is dotted by many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries which attract plenty of tourists from everywhere India and abroad, creating it a very important contributor to the economy and conjointly employer of variety of individuals. The timber business, each legally and lawlessly, thrives during this region. Variety of saw mills, laminate industries and different allied business also act as a very important contributor to the economy. The Dooars act as doorways to Bhutan; so, the export-import business also thrives within the space. The cities of Jaigaon, Siliguri and Phuentsholing are necessary hubs of the export-import business.
The Dooars had been ruled by Kamta rulers under Cooch or Koch dynasty from 1515 as per historical records. The first dominant ruler was Vishwa Singha -The earliest known ancestor of Viswa Singha was his father Haria Mandal, a Koch tribe. Bhutan over powered Koch under the week leaders of Koch in 1780 and was in possession of Dooars till 1865, until English rulers took it over from Bhutan in a war commanded by Hidayat Ali. From that time Dooars remained an integral part of India till independence in 1949 and merged with India and formed the modern districts. Although some parts of Dooars falls in the national territory of Bangladesh and considered as Dooars of Bangladesh. The few known figures of Cooch dynasty is Gayatri Devi, who subsequently became the Maharani of Jaipur was married to Maharaja Sawai Singh – II and was daughter of crown Prince Jitendra Narayan of Cooch Behar and Princess Indira Raje of Vadodara. The Cooch Behar dynasty is still alive with lots of mystic stories of love, sex and cheat. Gayatri Devi was once included in Vogue magazine's Ten Most Beautiful Women list.
Nevertheless to say, Dooars is the most beautiful place in West Bengal and Assam where one can spend few spellbound days to recharge body, mind and soul with new energy. Everything other than human being is pure, fresh and unpolluted.
Chalsa Tea Garden | Samsing | Suntaleykhola | Jhalong | Bindu | Jaldhaka | Mouchaki |Paren
The visit to Dooars can be originated from Samsing, 30 KM from New Mal Junction. The drive from New Mal to Sunteleykhola or Suntalekhola (Samsing) is through the most picture perfect tea garden of Chalsa through a single road will make you forget the train journey, feel like king of the beautiful place. After lunch it is recommended to visit Mouchaki Forest Camp, from where the Neora Valley National Park starts. The view of the mystic Neora Valley is awesome from Mouchaki. Get the required pass from forest department in Samsing to enter Mouchaki. On the way back to Suntalekhola visit Rockey Island. Spend evening in the banks of Suntely river bank with few sips of wine.
Next day morning after breakfast it is recommended to visit Jhalong River, Jaldhaka Forest Banglow, Paren – the sleepy village at the edge of Neora Valley National Park and Bindu – last village of India in India-Bhutan border. You can cross the Bindu dam and step down in the lands of Bhutan too. A nearby hilltop offers great view of the dam and the surrounding area of Bhutanese countryside. Although there is a Hydro-Electric project in Bindu, but the place seems mysterious and so far removed from civilization. The total up and down distance will be around 80-85 KM.
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Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary | Gorumara National Park
Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary is around thirty kilometres from Chalsa and Lataguri. The entire coverage of the forest is 960 hectares. Way back to 1896, the imperial forest-service administrator D.H.E. Sander first sent a proposal to the-then English-dominated Government of India that Chapramari may be developed into a tourism centre. The area was declared a national reserve forest in 1895 underneath the Indian Forest Act. In 1939, the name Chapramari Wildlife Reserve came to be used as name, whereas the government of India, in 1998, gave it the standing of a national wildlife sanctuary. The name of the region comes from 'Chapra', a spread of little fishes found in northern Bengal, and 'Mari' that means 'abundance'. Chapramari receives waters from the Teesta, the Neora, and therefore the Murti Rivers.
This Himalayan floodplain is the house of large verity wild flora and fauna. Chapramari has a good amount of elephant count. Gour or Indian bison are present in large numbers. Few royal Bengal tigers also traced in the Chapramari forest. Other wild animals includes deer, bore, leopard, parrots, green pigeon and kingfishers. A bird lover will definitely want to spend some time in the Chapramari forest. A Gypsy safari to Chapramari watch tower may result spotting some animals. The rent for hiring a Gypsy is around 1200/- INR and entry ticket per head is around 100/- INR.
Gorumara National Park is located on the foothill of Himalaya in the Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal and around 24 KM from New Mal Junction and 6 KM from Lataguri. Gorumara has been reserve forest since 1895. The park was declared a wildlife Sanctuary in 1949, on account of its breeding population of one horned rhinoceros. It absolutely was declared an Indian National Park on Jan 31, 1994. Originally as tiny as seven square KM, Gorumara has full-grown by incorporating neighbour lands to concerning eighty square KM. The park has been declared as the best among the protected areas in India by the Ministry of Environment and Forests for the year 2009.
There is no history of human habitation within the park. The Park Forest bungalow dates back to the british rule era, and contains a well-maintained log book from its origin, that makes for interesting for reading. But Gorumara is encircled by several ethnic villages. Over 10,000 resident forest villagers derive their financial gain from sources as well as employment in forest department activities, ecotourism, etc. A number of the villages are Sarswati, Budhuram, Bichabhanga, Chatua, Kailipur and Murti Forest Village. The park has recorded 50 species of mammals, 194 species of birds, 22 species of reptiles, 7 species of turtles, 27 species of fish, and different macro and small fauna, which makes Garumara national park very interesting among Indian and Foreign tourists.
This region has rolling forests and riverine grasslands. The park is on the flood plains of the Murti and Raidak watercourse. The other main River of the park is Jaldhaka, a major tributary of the Brahmaputra River. During this regard, Gorumara is an important watershed space between the Ganges River and Brahmaputra river systems.
The park is wealthy in giant herbivores together with Rhinoceros unicorns, gaur, Asian elephant, sloth bear, chital, and sambur deer. Little herbivores embody barking deer, hog deer and wild boar. There is a comparative lack of huge carnivores, with the sole feline being the leopard. The park is not home to any resident population of Bengal tigers, Indian wild dogs, or Indian wolves. Tigers are, however, often noticed here. It will have various little carnivores together with numerous civets, mongooses and little cats. The park incorporates a large resident population of wild boar, however the critically vulnerable pygmy hog has been rumoured from the park. It additionally has various rodents, together with giant squirrels. The rare hispid hare has additionally been rumoured from the park. Birds at the Gorumara Park embody sub montane forest birds just like the scarlet minivet, sunbird, Asian paradise suncatcher, spangled drongo, and Indian hornbill. Varied woodpeckers and pheasants inhabit the park. Peafowls are quite common. The park is on the itinerary of migratory birds as well as the rare brahminy duck. The park is home to an outsized range of snakes, venomous and non-venomous, together with the Indian python, one in all the most important snakes within the world, and also the king cobra - the world's largest venomous snake.
The Gorumara National Park has 5 watchtowers, namely Gorumara Rhino Point, Jataprosad, Medla, Chandrachur and Chukchuki where tourist can have the view of wild life. Visit to the various Watch Towers as well as the Jungle Safari of the Gorumara Wildlife Sanctuary are regulated by the Forest Department. They are conducted twice during the day in two shifts each. The Gypsy fare for Rhino Point, Jataprosad, Medla, Chandrachur is 1000/- INR whereas 700/- INR for Chukchuki. Entry fee to various national parks vary from 100/- INR to 150/- INR.
If you have limited time and want to explore Dooars wilds you must chose to visit watchtowers wisely. Below are list of the watchtower with the high probable animals:-
Gorumara Rhino Point: - Rhino, Deer, Bison.
Jataprosad: - Elephants, Rhinos, Bison, Birds.
Medla: - Rhino, Elephant.
Chukchuki: - Birds.
Chandrachur: - Elephants, Bison, Rhino.
An early morning visit to Garumara and Chapramari is recommended so that you can cover jeep safari of both on same day, after the lunch.
Gorumara / Chapramari Gallery
Important Note: - Gorumara National Park as well as the Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary, the Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary as well as the Buxa Tiger Reserve remains closed from 16th June to 15th September every year due to monsoon and animal breeding season. Also entry to the Forest remains closed on Thursday throughout the year. As per directive of the Forest department, the visitors have to PERSONALLY STAND IN THE QUEUE (CARRYING SELF ATTESTED GOVERNMENT ISSUED PHOTO IDENTITY CARD) for obtaining the tickets of the various Watch Towers. Please have photocopies done beforehand as you may not find Photo Copying Establishments/Shops open so early in the morning and you will not be allowed to take the tickets without the photocopy of Identity card. Permits for entering Gorumara and Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary are given from Lataguri - "Nature Interpretation Centre". The Tickets for Medla watchtower is available from Ramsai – 12 KM from Lataguri
Jaldapara National Park | Chilapata Forest
Jaldapara National Park is a park settled at the foothills of the eastern Himalaya Mountains in Alipurduar district in West Bengal and on the bank of the Torsa stream. Jaldapara is at an altitude of 61 Meters and is unfold across 216.51 KM square of huge grassland with patches of riverine forests. Jaldapara National Park was declared a sanctuary in 1941 to cover of its nice flora and fauna. Today, it's the biggest population of the Indian one horned rhinoceros within the state, an animal vulnerable with extinction, and could be a home ground management space. Jaldapara is around 10 KM from Hasimara town. This slender stretch of land lying between the Sikkim - Darjeeling Himalayas and Gangetic province has over usually elicited a way of each eerie and romanticism in many a heart since the first British Rule. Veined by mighty rivers like Teesta,Torsa, Jaldhaka, Dyna, Neora, Sankosh etc. Rarely one will realize a place like Jalpaiguri district that is thus probably made name in tourism. However a serious a part of it still remains to be exploited. Turbulent rivers battling out of the steep gorges, the vast stretches of forest cowl, the undulating span of Tea Estates and therefore the broad grandeur of the Himalayas are solely some jewels that created a people ground their hearts deep into the centre of this land.
You will discover a new Jaldapara every time you visit this national forest. The ever ending charm and beauty of Jaldapara National Park will be never ending memory for you. The forest is principally savannah lined with tall elephant grasses. The topmost attraction of the park is that the Indian one-horned rhino. The park holds the largest rhinoceros population in India after Kaziranga National Park in Assam. Different animals within the park embrace leopard, elephants, sambar, cervid, spotted deer, hog deer, wild pigs, and bison. Jaldapara could be a paradise for bird watchers. It is one among the only a few places in India, wherever the Bengal florican is sighted. The other birds to be found here are the crested eagle, Pallas's fish eagle, shikra, Finn's weaver, jungle fowl, pheasant (peacock), partridge, and lesser pied hornbill. Pythons, monitor lizards, kraits, cobras, geckos, and concerning eight species of water turtles can even be found here. Many of the animals within the park are vulnerable, just like the Indian one-horned rhinoceros and elephants.
Jaldapara Elephant Safari: this can be one in all the main attractions of Jaldapara Wild Life Sanctuary. The Elephant ride takes tourists within the grassland and watching of the famous one horned rhino is kind of common. The elephants, alongside their mahouts leave double daily – within the mornings and within the afternoons. Wildlife watching is additional common throughout the morning the simplest time to travel for this safari expedition is that the one that starts around 5:30 within the morning. The range of elephants and also the number of rides is proscribed. The booking is taken on the previous evening on initially on first serve basis. Tourists should book the elephant ride directly by paying the complete quantity on the spot. This ride cannot be engaged earlier through any other agency. The safaris leave in teams of 3-5 elephants, every carrying a most of 4 people and a mahaut. For its size, the elephant is a very agile animal and manoeuvres simply through the varied streams running through the forest.
A thrilling elephant safari is organized very early morning from Hollong to offer the exquisite great thing about the vast grassland of Jaldapara. The elephant ride is that the very best way to explore the sanctuary with the rare sight of 1 horned rhinos, Asiatic elephants, Asian wild ox (India bison), deer etc. Elephant safari charge is 800/- INR per head as of Jan 2015. Tourists staying in Hollong Tourist Lodge get the primary preference and priority. The service is provided on a first come - first served basis. Four persons are accommodated on an elephant. There are 6-7 elephants operational from Hollong each morning and that they create two round journeys. If it is peak season an added trip is organized. Recently elephant safari is additionally introduced from Barodabari Malangi Lodge of WBFDC. Tourists who donot get tickets from Hollong could avail this feature. The jeep safari within the sanctuary is another main attraction. Jeeps are often hired from Madarihat for day visits.
The jungle of Chilapata is kind of dense compared that to Jaldapara. It’s on the opposite facet of the river Torsa. Jaldapara is thought because of the grassland and Chilapata is that the woodland. Probabilities of watching wild anilmals, is a lot of in Jaldapara. You may love the density of the forest. The "Ramsupari" tree is a distinctive tree you'll see, that bleeds once cut. There are ruins of an old fort of the king of Coochbihaar, built the 1700 for fighting with the kingdom Bhutan at that time.
The most fascinating and adorable thing of Chilapata forest is silent spellbound beauty. The Chilapata Forest is a dense forest close to Jaldapara national park in Dooars, Alipurduar district, West Bengal, India. It’s concerning 20 km from Alipurduar, and simply many minutes far from Hasimara city. The forest forms an elephant passageway between Jaldapara Park and also the Buxa Tiger Reserve, and is rich in wildlife. New species still be found. The forest used to be home to massive rhino populations. In hunting expeditions in 1892-1904, in and around Chilapata Forest, the Rhino population gone down extremely. Rhinos currently extraordinarily rare. Leopards are still common. It is hoped that eco-tourism can offer a brand new supply of financial gain for the endemic Rabha individuals, who currently rely on the forest chiefly for fuel. The Chilapota Jungle expedition by jeep is really worth. Though wild animal is rare, but rooming within the forest can offer you overwhelming sight of beauty of the forest.
One of the most attractions is that the ruined "Nalraja Garh", or fort of the Nal kings, built in the Gupta period within the fifth century C.E., the Golden Age of Republic of India. Though poorly maintained, the location has considerable archaeological interest. Other things you can do that Tonga rides through Mathura garden, seafaring on the Bania stream and fishing on the confluence of the Kalchini, Bania and Buri Basia River.
There are forest safaris offered within forest that you can avail. The safari would take you within the forest and wild life observance is commonest. There are forest villages within like Kodalbasty, wherever forest cowl is dilatant and Elephant observance is regular. The CC Line is found near Torsa watercourse bed. The wide watercourse bed offers read of a stretch of many kilometers and observance of Asian wild ox (Indian Bison), Elephant and rhino is common aside from smaller animals like Deer’s, Birds of wide selection and others. You may visit Mendabari village to see animals from a watchtower. All safaris are arranged from Madarihat. A safari early in the morning is most rewarding and you can have best photos ever you have clicked in Chilapata. A jeep safari takes 2.5 to 3 hours to complete.
Entry fee of 25/- INR per person.
Buxa Tiger Reserve| Jayanti Village
The last destination in the western Dooars can be Buxa Tiger Reserve and Jayanti Village. Buxa Tiger Reserve is wealthy with bio-diversity and encompasses a nice assortment of rare orchids and medicinal plants. Owing to inaccessible piece of land some components of Buxa hills within the Sinchula vary are still unknown. It offers nice green views of natural forests on one facet of the road.
Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR) lies in Alipurduar district of West Bengal. Its northern boundary runs on the international border with Bhutan. The Sinchula hill range lies right along the northern facet of BTR and also the east boundary touches that of the Assam State. National road No.31 C roughly runs on its southern boundary. It the eastern most extension of utmost bio-diverse North-East India & represents extremely endemic Indo-Malayan region. The delicate "Terai Eco-System" constitutes a vicinity of this Reserve. The Phipsu wildlife Sanctuary of Bhutan is contiguous to North of BTR. Manas National Park lies on east of BTR. BTR, thus, is international passageway for Asian elephant migration between India and Bhutan. To the south-west, the Chilapata Forest form elephant passageway to the Jaldapara National Park. The reserve encompasses as several as eight forest sorts. The divisional headquarters is found at Alipurduar. The forest is split into 2 divisions: East and West. The Himalayan griffon, stunning Nutuch, four totally different types of hornbill and also the red bested Himalayan partridge are vital birds during this reserve. Among the wild animals, clouded leopard, tiger, wild dog, pangolin, Himalayan black bear are rare.
The Buxa Fort is one among the prime attractions of Buxa Tiger reserve. It’s placed on a hilltop concerning 30 km from Alipurduar city. Buxa Fort is a vital landmark for this reserve. This fort was captured by the British-India in 1865 during Dooars War from Bhutan. Later this fort was used as a detention home for Indian freedom fighters throughout the Indian freedom movement. The fort remained the border between the Cooch kingdom and Bhutanese kingdom. For several years it absolutely was under the occupancy of the Cooch kings. Later it came under the Bhutanese kings who used it to protect their trade route that unfold throughout the eastern aspect of Tista and up to Sikkim. The British came into the possession of the fort in 1865 with the Sinchula treaty. The British rulers found the fort helpful to keep freedom fighters captive. The dense forests and lack of transportation to the fort created it a really secure jail. It’s typically compared to the cellular jail of Andaman owing to its inconvenience. Throughout the 1930’s the British reconstructed a part of the fort and place up variety of freedom fighters here as well as Sri Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Historical proof regarding the construction of the fort isn't conclusive. Some specialists counsel the fort was created by the Tibetan occupants, whereas some others suggest it being created by the Kamtapuri kings throughout the seventh century AD.
Jayanti with silence and you will be able to smell even the fragrance of woods. There is a scared little lake on the highest of a hill beside Jayanti, where Hindu and Buddhist bot offer prayers. Jayanti a captivating place within the Buxa Tiger Reserve on the snaking Jayanti River is a perfect place to ease and rejuvenate within the midst of nature. This somewhat off-beat destination is quick changing into standard as an eco-tourism hot spot.
Jayanti, a little forest village within Buxa Tiger Reserve in Alipurduar district of West Bengal, India. It is situated on the Jayanti River, forming a natural border with the Kingdom of Bhutan hills. Jayanti is popular in hikers for its stunning views of the encompassing landscape and wild fountains. The 13 KM trek from Buxaduar to Jayanti is particularly a rare visual pleasure, passing through the dense forest of the Buxa Tiger Reserve.
Jayanti has a cylinder cave known as the Mahakal cave.
How to Reach Dooars:-
By Air:- The nearest airport is Bagdogra, 80 KM from Dooars Gateway Samsing.
Spellbound Beauty of Neora Valley National Park at Samsing, Mouchaki and Bindu.
Suggested itinerary for Dooars (5 Days and 4 Nights ex New Mal Junction)
Day-1:- Transfer from New Mal Junction to WBFDC Suntaleykhola / Jhallong / Paren / Jaldhaka. (Wherever accommodation is available), have a bath in Suntaley river for an hour. After lunch visit Mouchaki and Rockey Island. Enjoy lazy evening at the bank of Suntale River.
Day-2:- Early morning visit to Jhallong, Paren, Jaldhaka, Bindu and come back to WBFDC before breakfast. After breakfast at 8:30 leave for South Dhoopjhora, on the way explore Chalsa Tea Garden and Murti River Bank and check in to the resort room by 12:00 PM. (Aranyak or Equivalent), after quick lunch proceed to Lataguri by 12:00 PM to avail 2:30 PM Jeep Safari to Chapramari Forest. (You may have additionally proceed to Latguri to book this package – charge will be extra)
Day-3:- Get up 4:00 AM and proceed for Lataguri before 5:30 AM to take the first Jeep Safari to Gorumara at 6:30 AM and complete by 8:00 AM. Come back to resort by 9:00 AM to have a quick breakfast. Passenger train from Chalsa Junction to be boarded at 10:30 to reach Madarihat by 12:00. Transfer from Madarihut to resort by v12:30 PM (Heaven Inn or Equivalent) and after a quick lunch proceed for Chilapata Jeep Safari at 1:30 PM to reach Safari point by 2:00 PM. After 3 hours Safari from 2:30 to 5:30 go to Hollong or Malangi Lodge of WBFDC to book early morning Elephant Safari to Jaldapara for next day. (This is must for Dooars tour – you cannot skip this otherwise your discovery of Dooars is not complete). Come back to resort by 7:30 and have a cosy evening in the resort.
Day-4:- Early morning expenditure in Jaldapara for wild flora and fauna tour by elephant. The safari starts at 5:30 AM – be there in time or elephants will leave and you may miss most exciting Jungle Safari of your life. Complete Safari by 9:00 and come back to Resort for Lunch by 11:00 AM. You can have a breakfast at any food joint after completing your Safari. Breakfast for day 4 is not included in this package. After lunch by 12:00 PM reach Madarihat station to catch up the 12:15 passenger train to Raja Bhatkhawa and reach there by 1:30. Check into the the Resort (Buxa Vlley or Equivalent). By 3:00 PM get ready to explore Jayanti Village and Jayanti River bed. Rest in the evening to understand the sounds of a wild forest.
Day: - 5:- Early morning drive to Raja Bhatkhawa to get passes for Buxa Safari. Complete Safari by 9:00 AM and have breakfast. Have your luggage’s packed and leave it in the Resort for check out. By 10:00 AM leave for Pokhrihill (This needs an uphill and downhill trek of 4 KM and takes about 2 hours both way) and Sukhiyajhora (A boat Safari in the streams of dense forest). Come back to resort by 2:00 PM, have lunch. Greet the people with whom you stayed for last four days (Driver, Assistant, Tour Operator or the local people) and leave for Alipurduar at 3:00 PM. You have to board the train after 4:00 PM for onward journey to Kolkata / Delhi / Mumbai / Bengaluru / Chennai.
Suggested itinerary days:-
Day-1:- Saturday - Reach New Mal Jn / NJP at 10:00 AM. Night at Samsing / Nearby
Day-2:- Sunday – Night at Gorumara<
Day-3:- Monday – Night at Jaldapara
Day-4:- Tuesday – Night at Buxa
Day-5:- Wednesday – Farewell for your Home
Day-1:- Thursday - Reach New Mal Jn / NJP at 10:00 AM. Night at Samsing / Nearby
Day-2:- Friday– Night at Gorumara
Day-3:- Saturday – Night at Jaldapara
Day-4:- Sunday – Night at Buxa
Day-5:- Monday – Farewell for your Home
All Transfers and sightseeing (wherever applicable).
All Accommodations in Twin / Triple / Quad Sharing Basis.
All Meals except breakfast in Jaldapara.
Jeep / Elephant Safari.
Entry, Guide and Camera charges in the National parks and forests.
Breakfast in Jaldapara.